What should you write in your report? Here is my outline. Read it carefully. This will tell you how to write your report.
Your report can be in either English or Japanese (English reports may get more points but they must be comprehensible).
What is the title of your story in English and in Japanese?
Who are the main characters? Don’t just tell us their names. E.g. “The main characters are a family of four London children who go to live with a Professor who lives in a big house in the country. The other characters are a wicked witch, and various talking animals, including a lion called Aslan.”
Where and when does the story take place? E.g., “The story takes place in England during the Second World War. The four children are sent away from London to avoid the war. In the Professor’s house they discover a wardrobe which is a gate to a magical world called Narnia, where a wicked witch rules and it is always winter and never Christmas.”
Give a short summary of the story (main points only). E.g., “A wicked witch rules Narnia where it is always winter. The real ruler of the country, however, is Aslan the lion. There is a prophecy that he will return. Another prophecy says that the witch’s rule will end when four human children sit on the four thrones of the castle in Narnia called Caer Paravel. When the witch hears that a human child has entered Narnia and that that child has 3 brothers and sisters, she decides to catch them and kill them. Some animals help the children. One of the children, Edmund, is tempted to betray his brother and sisters to the witch. But Aslan arrives and stops this. According to the old law, the traitor must be given to the Witch. Aslan and the Witch agree that Aslan shall die instead of Edmund. Aslan is killed. The next day, however, he returns to life. There is an older magic, he says, which says that death shall be reversed if someone offers their life for another. The four children and their animal friends and Aslan defeat the Witch in battle and she is killed. Winter is over and spring returns to Narnia. The four children become kings and queens of Narnia. Many years later as adults, they go through the door of the wardrobe, and find themselves in England once again as young children.
Compare the story you read with “The Magician’s Nephew”.
Is magic used in your story? How? What kind of magic? Is it good magic or bad magic, or both?
Is there another world in your story, like Narnia? If so, what kind of world is it? How is it different from Narnia? How is it the same?
What other similar points 共通点 are there between your story and “The Magician’s Nephew”?
Did you like the story you chose? Why (or why not)? Which parts did you enjoy? Do you recommend this story to your classmates? Why (or why not)?
What book did you choose from the list? (Many students chose “Robinson Crusoe”. I wonder why? Maybe it is a textbook in some other class…;0)
Reading and translating chapter 8. Today, I used a slightly different technique. I asked questions about the text. These were not just comprehension questions, but questions designed to help students become more familiar with English by hearing many repetitions of the same words and phrases. What did you think of this? Send me an email or leave a comment here on the blog.
Answering the study guide questions for chapters 8-9.
Some comments or questions raised about the presentations:
Why does the Christian church say magic is bad?
Digory is a protagonist, but doesn’t he also do some things which cause problems for himself and the other protagonists?
Why is Aslan “kind”? What does he value?
Why do Polly and Digory and Uncle Andrew change?
Because they recognize that there is a higher power than themselves.
For Digory, that is first his mother, then Aslan (Aslan and Aslan’s wish is more important than Digory’s mother; Digory accepts this).
For Polly, she also realizes that Aslan and what he represents is more important than her own desires or fears.
Uncle Andrew does not understand what Aslan is but he realizes that Aslan’s power is much greater than his own and that he cannot compete against it. He is devastated by the unforeseen consequences of his actions and his interest in magic. He gives it up and becomes a more humble person.
Queen Jadis understands what Aslan is, but she rejects him. She never changes. She chooses power rather than accept Aslan’s superiority, even though it means death not life.
The Golden Rule is “Do as you would be done by”: do to others as you would have them do to you. This is aChristian precept, but it is also found in many other cultures and religions. That is why it is called the “Golden” rule. It is a moral principle.
Aslan uses magic. So what is the difference between Aslan’s magic and the magic of Jadis and Uncle Andrew?
Values. C.S. Lewis understood that values are very important. Science without clear moral values can become a terrible evil.
Two important values expressed in C.S. Lewis’ books are
recognition of and love (respect) for life
recognition of and love (respect) for God, the Creator of all things.
Study Guide, Chapters 6-7, questions 1-5. We checked the answers to these questions.
Homework. For November 26th.
Read chapters 8 and 9.
Answer the study guide questions for chapters 8 and 9.
Here is a list of suggested readings. This list is not yet complete. It will grow over the next few weeks as I add more titles. Please feel free to add titles in the comments. Click on the titles to read more about the book on Amazon Japan, and click on the author’s name to read more on Wikipedia.
1 homework was to tell me the topic of your next week’s presentation by email. There are 22 students in this class. 13 students sent in their homework on time. 13 students can keep their promise. Well done.
Those who did not keep their promise, please email me the topic of your presentation as soon as possible.
There is no class next week, November 5th. There will be a makeup class in December, either 4th or 18th (Saturdays). Please tell me when you are and are not available on those two days. Next class will be November 12th. Update: Saturday Dec. 18th, 2nd period (11-12:30) was the most popular time.
Write the details of our textbook, using the MLA format.
Study Guide, p. 15, question 9: what does it mean to be narrow-minded? Uncle Andrew believes there are no absolutes, that there is no absolute right and wrong. This goes against the Christian view. Christians believe that there are absolutes; in particular, there is an absolute right and wrong. Christians are not the only ones who believe this. When we say “case by case”, we are saying there are no absolutes. When we say, “it depends” 場合によって we are saying there are no absolutes. What do you think?
Textbook page 20: “The moment I picked up that box I could tell by the pricking in my fingers that I held some great secret in my hands.” See also these famous lines from Shakespeare’s “Macbeth“: “By the pricking of my thumbs, Something wicked this way comes.” [Macbeth Act 4, scene 1, 44–49].
Study Guide pages 20-21. We answered questions 5-11, and translated the Bible passages in questions 12, 14.
Study Guide pages 24-5: we checked the meaning of the sentences that use Cockney dialect.
A row of town houses in London. Digory and Polly may have lived in one of these. Can you imagine the tunnel under the roof, connecting all the houses in a row? Perhaps Digory’s penknife looked like this. He used his penknife to cut a mark in the grass so that they could remember which pool to take to go home.
<a href=”http://www.flickr.com/photos/timmenzies/263806788/” title=”The wood between the worlds. by timmenzies, on Flickr”><img src=”http://farm1.static.flickr.com/79/263806788_394cf6dd3a.jpg” width=”500″ height=”375″ alt=”The wood between the worlds.” /></a>
Class blog for Sheffner's Academic Skills & Writing Strategies at DWC