As1, wk11, June 27th 2014

Homework:

Read pages 154 (“Changes in Thinking”) -156 (“The Storm Clouds of War”)

Today’s class:

  1. Presentation on pages 151 – 154 (up to changes “Changes in Thinking”).
    1. Today’s presentation was quite good, but speaking speed is still a little fast. And presenters, please LOOK at your audience to see how they are doing. Otherwise you seem very unfriendly. A presentation is communication, that means 2-way not 1-way.
  2. Analytical tools. These are useful for analyazing any text.
    1. What is the root meaning of a word? For example, “socialism” or “capitalism”.
      1. Look it up for yourself. Don’t rely on what other people tell you.
      2. To understand the root meaning of a Japanese word, I look at the Chinese character. For example, the Japanese word for “man” is made up of 2 Chinese characters that mean “rice field” and “power”. So a man is “the power of the rice-field” in Japanese.
    2. Key questions:
      1. Voluntary co-operation or compulsory co-operation?
      2. Who benefits? (Cui bono?)
      3. Who pays?
  3. Let’s look at some sentneces in the textbook and analyze them with our questions:
    1. p. 151: “prices fell by 40% and real wages doubled.”
      1. Is this voluntary or compulsory co-operation? (A: voluntary co-operation)
      2. Who benefits? (A: everyone, but especially lower-middle-class and working-class people.)
      3. Who pays? (A: consumers.)
    2. p. 151: “Most homes now had gas both for heating and lighting.”
      1. Is this voluntary or compulsory co-operation? (A: voluntary co-operation)
      2. Who benefits? (A: everyone, but especially lower-middle-class and working-class people.)
      3. Who pays? (A: consumers. But don’t forget the industrialists and engineers who made this technology possible and paid for its creation. Also, don’t forget the capitalists who provided the capital (and where did the capital come from? That’s right: savings.)

Lamplighter Lighting Gas Street Light

2 thoughts on “As1, wk11, June 27th 2014”

  1. Hello,

    In Britain, the fall of prices and getting the double their wages brought lots of good effects for mainly the poor. I thought that it was a so good thing. This change made working class people’s life more comfortable.
    Also, gas for heating and lighting is indispensable now and most of the people won’t be able to live without it. However, I must not think that the existence of them is natural.
    There are lots of things that I have to think in this class every time. Having my own ideas is very important for me!

    Thank you.

  2. Hello!
    The presentation become much better than before, I think. Because, every one explained difficult things in Britain in English. But the teacher said that most of people presented and wrote what is printed in the text. I think that if we do that, we cannot become better English users. We should think ,what we want to say, in English every time. The teacher let us speak English very quickly and smoothly. This way is so good for us to become high level English users. I will do my best to follow the teacher’s speed.

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